Head and neck cancer is a group of cancers that occur in the head and neck region. It may also include the mouth, throat, sinuses and nose. The best oncologist in Kolkata tells us how to prevent head and neck cancer.

Prevention of head and neck cancer

The following points give us insight on how head and neck cancer can be prevented:

  • Practice safe intercourse

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a great risk factor for head and neck cancer. For individuals who are sexually active, practicing safe sex and getting vaccinated against HPV may help prevent infection.

  • Maintain a healthy diet.

Consuming vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidants and nutrients is essential. Processed foods must be avoided. This may help prevent head and neck cancer.

  • Protect yourself from exposure to sunlight.

Lengthy exposure to sunlight improves the possibility of developing skin cancer on the head and neck. UV rays are a kind of radiation that comes from the sun and continuous exposure damages skin cells. It is vital to protect your skin by applying sunscreen or wearing hats and clothing when spending time outdoors.

  • Ensure proper oral hygiene.

Poor oral hygiene and untreated dental problems may increase the risk of developing oral cancers. Make sure to brush and floss on a regular basis.

  • Get periodic check-ups

Periodic screenings and check-ups with a doctor may aid in detecting cancer at an early stage when it is most treatable. As mentioned above, maintaining oral hygiene is essential, so visiting a dentist for routine exams and cleaning is necessary.


Consider visiting the best oncologist in Kolkata if you notice the following symptoms:

  • A persistent sore throat and neck pain
  • Pain when chewing or swallowing
  • Facial numbness or pain
  • Nosebleeds or bloody saliva
  • A white or red patch in the gums or mouth.

Stages of head and neck cancer

The following are the stages of head and neck cancer:

  • Stage 0: It is also known as carcinoma in situ, this stage refers to cancer, which is only present in the outer layer of cells and has not yet spread to deeper tissues.
  • Stage I: Cancer is localized and has not yet spread.
  • Stage II: Cancer is more significant and has infected nearby lymph nodes but not distant organs.
  • Stage III: Cancer is more significant compared to stage II and may have spread to nearby tissues and lymph nodes.
  • Stage IV: Cancer is advanced and has infected nearby tissues, lymph nodes and distant organs. 


To conclude, most head and neck cancers can be treated by surgery and radiation. Consult with the best oncologist in Kolkata regarding the treatment options, depending on your health and the stage of cancer.