GTN Cancer

GTN Cancer
GTN Cancer

GTN Cancer

What is GTN cancer?

As per a gynaecological cancer doctor in Kolkata, Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) is a kind of cancer that occurs in women who have had a molar pregnancy (a type of abnormal pregnancy that results in a mass or growth in the uterus.) GTN cancer can develop from the cells that would normally form the placenta during pregnancy, and it can occur after a molar pregnancy or even a normal pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of GTN cancer?

The symptoms of Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) cancer can vary depending on the stage and kind of cancer, says a gynae oncologist in Kolkata. Some women may not experience any symptoms, while others may experience the following:
1. Abnormal vaginal bleeding
2. Abnormal uterine growth
3. Pelvic pain or discomfort
4 . Nausea and vomiting
5. Shortness of breath

Risk-factors of GTN cancer

GTN cancer is related to abnormal fertilization of the egg by the sperm. In most cases, GTN develops after a molar pregnancy, which is a type of pregnancy where the fertilized egg develops into a tumour instead of a fetus. However, according to a medical oncologist in Kolkata, GTN cancer can also develop after a normal pregnancy, miscarriage, or abortion.

Some other risk factors of GTN cancer include:

1. Age : GTN cancer is more common in women who are over 35 years old.

2. History of GTN : Women who have had GTN cancer in a previous pregnancy are at a higher risk of developing it further in future pregnancies.

3. Family history : Women who have a family history of GTN may be at an increased risk of developing the condition.

4. Blood type : Women with blood type A or AB may be at a slightly increased risk of developing GTN.

5. Smoking : Women who smoke may be at a higher risk of developing GTN.

6. Nutritional deficiency : Women who are deficient in certain vitamins and minerals like folic acid and vitamin D may be at a higher risk of developing GTN.

Treatments of GTN cancer

The main treatment options for cervical cancer include:
1. Radiation therapy : This therapy uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It is sometimes used in combination with chemotherapy, particularly in cases where cancer has spread beyond the uterus.

2. Chemotherapy : This is the primary treatment for most types of GTN. It uses drugs to kill cancerous cells. The kind of chemotherapy used will depend on the specific type and stage of GTN.

3. Hormone therapy : This involves the use of hormones to cease or slow down the growth of cancer cells. It is usually only used in certain types of GTN, such as placental site trophoblastic tumours.

4. Supportive care : This may include blood transfusions, pain management, and other treatments to manage symptoms and complications of GTN.

5. Surgery : In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the cancerous tissue. This is more likely to be done in cases where the cancer is limited to the uterus.

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    Dr Tanmoy mondal

    Dr. Tanmoy Kumar Mandal

    D.M.(Medical Oncology), M.D.(General Medicine)