Tongue Cancer

Tounge cancer
Tounge cancer

Tongue cancer

What is tongue cancer?

Tongue cancer is a kind of oral cancer that develops in the cells of the tongue. Most of the time it occurs in the base of the tongue, but can affect the front part as well. According to a head and neck cancer doctor in Kolkata, the most common tongue cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, which starts in the flat, thin cells lining the tongue.

What are the symptoms of tongue cancer?

As per a tongue cancer doctor in Kolkata, symptoms of tongue cancer often vary from person to person. However, the most common signs and symptoms are as follows:

1. A sore or lump on the tongue that does not heal
2. Pain or discomfort in the tongue or mouth
3. Difficulty chewing or swallowing
4. Persistent sore throat or hoarseness
5. A white or red patch on the tongue that does not go away
6. Numbness or loss of sensation in the tongue
7. Difficulty moving the tongue or jaw
8. A feeling of something is stuck in your throat
9. Unexplained weight loss

Risk-factors of tongue cancer

Tongue cancer occurs when cells in your tongue mutate and grow uncontrollably, forming into a tumour. The exact cause of these mutations is not fully understood, but several factors can increase the risk of developing tongue cancer.

1. Tobacco use: Smoking or using smokeless tobacco can increase the risk of tongue cancer

2. Excessive alcohol consumption: Consuming large amounts of alcohol over an extended period of time can risk tongue cancer.

3. HPV infection: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection can increase the risk of tongue cancer.

4. Age: Tongue cancer is more common in older adults, particularly over the age of 60.

5. Gender: Men are more likely to develop tongue cancer than women.

6. Family history: Having a family history of oral cancer can increase the risk of tongue cancer.

7. Poor oral hygiene: Poor oral hygiene can be a major cause for developing oral cancer, including tongue cancer.

8. Chronic irritation or injury: Long-term irritation or injury to the tongue, due to rough teeth, dentures, or other sources, can increase the risk of developing tongue cancer.

Treatment of tongue cancer

The treatment of tongue cancer depends upon the stage and location of cancer, as well as the individual’s overall health and preferences. The main treatment options for tongue cancer include:

1. Radiation therapy : It uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells and used in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy or alone. 2. Chemotherapy: It uses drugs to destroy the cancerous cells. It is often used in combination with radiation therapy or surgery. 3. Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy is a newer treatment that targets specific proteins in cancer cells to stop their growth. It may be used in combination with other treatments. 4. Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer. It is a newer treatment that is being studied for its potential use in treating tongue cancer. 5. Surgery: The surgeon may remove part of the tongue or the entire tongue, as well as nearby lymph nodes if they get affected by cancer.

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    Dr Tanmoy mondal

    Dr. Tanmoy Kumar Mandal

    D.M.(Medical Oncology), M.D.(General Medicine)