A breast biopsy refers to a diagnostic procedure performed to assess abnormal breast tissue detected during a mammogram, ultrasound, or physical examination. It is a crucial step in determining the nature of a breast abnormality, whether it’s benign (non-cancerous) or indicative of breast cancer. Below, the best breast cancer specialist in Kolkata has discussed what to expect during a breast biopsy. 

Before the Procedure

  1. Consultation: Your doctor will discuss the reasons for the biopsy, explain the procedure, and address any concerns or questions you may have. You might also be asked about your medical history and medications.
  1. Preparation Instructions: Depending on the type of biopsy (fine-needle aspiration, core needle biopsy, vacuum-assisted biopsy, or surgical biopsy), your doctor might provide specific instructions, such as refraining from blood-thinning medications or avoiding eating and drinking food before the procedure.

During the Procedure

  1. Anaesthesia: Based on the biopsy type, you might receive local anaesthesia to numb the area, ensuring minimal discomfort during the procedure, explains the best medical oncologist
  1. Biopsy Technique: A fine-needle aspiration involves inserting a thin needle to withdraw fluid or cells. A core needle biopsy utilizes a larger needle to obtain tissue samples. Vacuum-assisted biopsy utilizes a vacuum-powered device to extract tissue. Surgical biopsy involves removing a sample of tissue through a small incision.
  1. Image-Guided Biopsies: According to the best breast cancer specialist in Kolkata, imaging techniques like ultrasound or mammography might be used to guide the biopsy needle to reach the precise location of the abnormality.
  1. Number of Samples: Multiple tissue samples might be taken to ensure accuracy and thorough examination by a pathologist.

After the Procedure

  1. Pressure and Bandage: After the biopsy, pressure might be applied to the biopsy site to minimize bleeding, followed by the application of a bandage or dressing.
  1. Recovery: In most cases, you can resume normal activities shortly after the procedure. However, activities involving strenuous exercise or heavy lifting might be advised against for a brief period.
  1. Results: Pathology results from the tissue samples usually take a few days to a week to process. Your doctor will discuss the results and further steps based on the findings.

While breast biopsies are generally safe, potential risks include bleeding, infection, bruising, or mild discomfort at the biopsy site. These side effects are typically minimal and resolve within a few days.


A breast biopsy is a vital step in diagnosing breast abnormalities, providing crucial information for proper treatment planning. Reach out to the best breast cancer specialist in Kolkata for personalized guidance and information regarding your specific situation.